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Rabu, 10 Februari 2010

Colon Cancer (Colorectal) Can Be Prevented

Globally, colorectal cancer is the commonest type of cancer of all cancers. In the United States, this type of cancer ranks the third most common cancers in men and women, as well as the number 2 position as the most common cause of death due to cancer. In Indonesia, this cancer is one type of cancer that is often found and included in the top 10 most common cancers.

Colon cancer (colorectal) cancer is a preventable and curable if found at an early stage. More than 90% of patients diagnosed with this disease have a life expectancy of more than 5 years. Tips berikur presented are taken from the results of various studies in humans that aims to prevent this type of cancer.

Previously, let's find out the occurrence of colon cancer this briefly. Like most cancer process, initially caused by mutations of genes (the smallest fraction of cells that code for making proteins). That places polyps in the intestinal wall. These polyps are benign lesions, and many people who have polyps in the gut wall and did not become cancerous. It is estimated that approximately 5% which will develop into cancer. Thus, the strategy of colon cancer prevention is to avoid trigger factors and knowing the gene mutation, and remove polyps as early as possible.

From various studies, is now known that these things can be done to prevent colon cancer, including:
1. Eat foods with enough fiber.
Consume as much fiber, 30 g / day proved to reduce the risk of colon cancer by 40% compared to people who only consume fiber, 12 g / day. Adequacy of the amount of fiber can be obtained from consuming 8 servings of vegetables and fruits, as well as from the wholemeal bread.
2. Reduce consumption of red meat
People who consume lots of red meat (eg beef, lamb, etc.) or processed meat more than 160 g / day (2 servings or more) will experience an increased risk of colon cancer as much as 35% compared to people who only consume less than 1 serving per week. Consumption of red meat associated with the formation of N-nitroso compounds in fases that can trigger colon cancer. Contrary to the red meat / processed meat, fish consumption may reduce the risk. To reduce the consumption of red meat, experts recommend eating meat from poultry (chicken, duck, etc.) and fish
3. Avoiding obesity
In addition to the risk factors for coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes, obesity is also known to be a risk factor for colon cancer, so it is recommended to reduce the weight of which has more weight. Exercising regularly is a way to lose weight is good, because it olehraga also prove useful routine to prevent colon cancer.
4. Avoid breathing smoke
Smoke cigarettes and other tobacco products are highly proven increased risk of various cancers, including colon cancer. People who smoke more have polyps that develop into cancer in the colon. The results of a study showed an increase of more than 100% risk in smokers than nonsmokers. So, avoid risk factors that are most easily avoided.
5. Avoid consumption of beverages berakohol
In addition to liver damage, berakohol beverage consumption was also associated with increased risk of colon cancer.

Some of the symptoms of colon cancer include: changes in bowel pattern (BAB), mainly watery stool more than 6 weeks. Another symptom is bleeding from the anus, can be mixed with feces dengen or not. Routine screening examination to detect early colon cancer is by blood tests in feces vague and can be followed by colonoscopy. Consult with your doctor for instructions of this screening examination.


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