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Jumat, 05 Maret 2010

Recognizing Colon Cancer

As the last line of food digestion, colon cancer potential of the food we eat. There are five stages with each character and magnitude of the possibility of survival for patients getting smaller.

Symptoms
Fatigue, shortness of breath when working, and the head feels dizzy.
Bleeding in the rectum, temporary satiety, or stomach cramps and pressure on the rectum.
The presence of blood in the stool, as occurs in people with stomach bleeding, intestinal polyps, or hemorrhoids.
Pale, sick in general, malnutrition, weak, thin, place the fluid in the abdominal cavity, liver enlargement, and enlargement of the spleen channel.

Causes
Contact with chemical substances such as heavy metals, toxins, and ototoksin and electromagnetic waves.
Poor diet, including too much meat and fat that is not matched fresh fruits and vegetables that contain lots of fiber.
Excessive iron include bile pigment present in, beef and lamb as well as blood platelets.

Saturated fat and omega-6 (linol acid).

Alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Change the alcohol into the intestines asetilaldehida that increase the risk of colon cancer.
Obesity.
Working while sitting all day, such as executives, administrative staff, or public vehicle drivers.

Medical examination
Fiberoptik colonoscopy:
Insert a pipe made from a kind of optical fiber into the intestine through the anus (rectum). The camera located on the tool can be used to perform checks whether there are polyps in the colon or not.
CT Scan.
Blood tests:
Determining the tumor marker CEA (carcino-embryonis antigen) in the blood.

Treatment
Chemotherapy
Radiation

Operation:
Cutting diseased colon, and reconnect the two ends of healthy bowel.

Laparoscopic techniques:
Through a small hole made several points in the stomach. Operations are conducted with small instruments that are operated through the holes and monitored through the monitor.

Prevention
Lots of fiber consumption. To facilitate bowel movement and reduce the degree of acidity, concentration of fatty acids, bile acids, and iron in the large intestine.

Omega-3, which are scattered in certain fish.

Concentration of calcium, vitamins A, C, D, and E and betakarotin.
Milk containing Lactobacillus acidophilus.
Exercise and a lot of moves so the more easily and regularly to defecate.
Life relax and reduce stress.
Early Detection
Like the early detection of cervical cancer using papsmear or for breast cancer using mammography, colon cancer can be detected early.

Early detection of colon cancer is recommended to those who have turned 50 years old. But for those who have had a family history of ovarian cancer, colon and lung cancer, early detection is recommended before the age of 50 years.

Colon cancer is considered as a disease that travels slow. Therefore, people are encouraged to do early detection through blood tests in feces and colonoscopy.

"We recommend that early detection made since the age of 40 years for which it has a history of these three types of cancer in the family," said Dr. Aru W Sudoyo, consultant hematology and medical oncology from FKUI / RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo to Media Indonesia, last week in his office.

Especially for those who have experienced symptoms such as bleeding during bowel movements and the closing of roads or intestinal blockage, "said Aru, early detection is recommended.

According to Aru, a procedure early detection of colon cancer include:

Plug rectal examination by a doctor when a person reaches the age of 50 years. The examination and to determine any abnormalities in the prostate.

After that, the laboratory examination of blood tests faint (Occult Blood) on a regular basis, whether there is blood in the stool, or not. Then visual inspection with the endoscope in the colon or called colonoscopy. Examination colonoscopy or bowel binoculars are recommended be done for those who have reached the age of 50 years.
Colonoscopy examination is relatively safe, not dangerous, but these tests are not fun. Colonoscopy performed for colorectal cancer as well find a tissue for examination at the pathology laboratory. In this examination is required fiberoptik endoscopy equipment used for colonoscopy examination. The tool can be seen throughout the large intestine, photographed, and biopsy of the tumor when found.
Another way to support the diagnosis of colon cancer is by barium enema. On barium enema examination, barium liquid material is inserted into the colon through the anus and the silhouette (shadow) was photographed by means of X-rays. In this examination can only be seen that there is disorder, may be a tumor, and if there needs to be followed by colonoscopy examination.
This examination can also detect cancers and polyps in the amount exceeds one centimeter. Weakness, in this investigation can not be done the biopsy.
Colonoscopy can be seen with abnormalities on the macroscopic picture. If there is no protrusion or ulcer, colonoscopy surveillance aimed at disorders colors, shapes the surface, and image blood vessels. Aru said that with early detection of colon cancer is expected to be handled or treated. Some therapies, like chemotherapy and radiation can be done to overcome colon cancer

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Kamis, 04 Maret 2010

Liver cancer : Kanker Hati

Liver cancer need to watch out for symptoms that preceded it. If not immediately treated, the life of the penderitalah stakes.

Sufficient information necessary for communities to be more concerned about the risk of liver cancer disease

A. Cancer Types

Cancer is one of the vital organs in the body that play a major role in one's survival. The most important function of the cancer is distributed vitamins and nutrients throughout the body, produce proteins that will clean the blood, and remove toxins from the body.

There are two types of potentially cancer-heart attack:
1. Primary cancer

Cancer cells was first formed in the liver and then spread and damage other organs. This type of cancer most often affects people is hepatocellular carcinoma.

2. Cancer Metastasized

Cancer that attacks the liver is derived from cancer cells that form in other organs. He attacked the heart because the heart of the working principles of filtering the blood of toxins and viruses. Organs on which cancer cells grow include: colon, pancreas, stomach, and chest.

B. Patients

People diagnosed with liver cancer aged over sixty years. From a survey in Canada, every year approximately 1800 people diagnosed with liver cancer, and more than half were men.

C. Causes of liver cancer

Causes of liver cancer as yet known for certain. However, liver cancer can be identified from the factors that could diidentifikas, disease, or ever being inflicted. Includes:

1. Chronic hepatitis B
2. Infected with hepatitis C
3. Cirrhosis of the liver
4. Diabetes mellitus
5. Infected with poison, as mushrooms aflatoxin, vinyl chloride, anabolic steroids, and arsenic
6. Of smoking

D. Symptoms and complications of liver cancer patients

Knowing the symptoms of liver cancer as well as to trial error. Symptoms are often shown sometimes does not show a person suffering from liver cancer. Some things that are considered to indicate a person to liver cancer is as follows:

1. Ascites: A condition in which the liver had an accumulation of fluid that interfere with the overall performance of the liver and metabolism.
2. Jaundice: The skin becomes yellow and white whole eye
3. Fever
4. Shivering
5. Feeling tired extraordinary
6. Nausea
7. Abdominal pain
8. Loss of desire to eat
9. Weight plummeted
10. Pain in the back and shoulders
11. Dark urine
12. Bleeding occurred in parts of the body

To ensure that a person suffering from liver cancer, needed treatment by a doctor. Several tests can be done is:

1. Blood tests to check the content of the enzyme in the liver
2. Abdominal ultrasound to determine the size of the liver and whether there was a tumor in it
3. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the abdomen
4. Computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen
5. Laparoscopy
6. Biopsy
7. Angiography
8. On chest X-rays to determine the spread of cancer cells

E. Categories of liver cancer

1. Localized resectable

Cancer in only one point in the liver and has no potential to spread. Can be lifted.

2. Localized unresctable

Cancer cells is still in one part of the liver, can not be removed.

3. Advanced

Cancer cells have spread to the liver and most likely also affect other organs in the body.

4. Recurrent

Cancer re-emerged when the treatment was performed.

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