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Jumat, 05 Maret 2010

Recognizing Colon Cancer

As the last line of food digestion, colon cancer potential of the food we eat. There are five stages with each character and magnitude of the possibility of survival for patients getting smaller.

Symptoms
Fatigue, shortness of breath when working, and the head feels dizzy.
Bleeding in the rectum, temporary satiety, or stomach cramps and pressure on the rectum.
The presence of blood in the stool, as occurs in people with stomach bleeding, intestinal polyps, or hemorrhoids.
Pale, sick in general, malnutrition, weak, thin, place the fluid in the abdominal cavity, liver enlargement, and enlargement of the spleen channel.

Causes
Contact with chemical substances such as heavy metals, toxins, and ototoksin and electromagnetic waves.
Poor diet, including too much meat and fat that is not matched fresh fruits and vegetables that contain lots of fiber.
Excessive iron include bile pigment present in, beef and lamb as well as blood platelets.

Saturated fat and omega-6 (linol acid).

Alcoholic beverages, especially beer. Change the alcohol into the intestines asetilaldehida that increase the risk of colon cancer.
Obesity.
Working while sitting all day, such as executives, administrative staff, or public vehicle drivers.

Medical examination
Fiberoptik colonoscopy:
Insert a pipe made from a kind of optical fiber into the intestine through the anus (rectum). The camera located on the tool can be used to perform checks whether there are polyps in the colon or not.
CT Scan.
Blood tests:
Determining the tumor marker CEA (carcino-embryonis antigen) in the blood.

Treatment
Chemotherapy
Radiation

Operation:
Cutting diseased colon, and reconnect the two ends of healthy bowel.

Laparoscopic techniques:
Through a small hole made several points in the stomach. Operations are conducted with small instruments that are operated through the holes and monitored through the monitor.

Prevention
Lots of fiber consumption. To facilitate bowel movement and reduce the degree of acidity, concentration of fatty acids, bile acids, and iron in the large intestine.

Omega-3, which are scattered in certain fish.

Concentration of calcium, vitamins A, C, D, and E and betakarotin.
Milk containing Lactobacillus acidophilus.
Exercise and a lot of moves so the more easily and regularly to defecate.
Life relax and reduce stress.
Early Detection
Like the early detection of cervical cancer using papsmear or for breast cancer using mammography, colon cancer can be detected early.

Early detection of colon cancer is recommended to those who have turned 50 years old. But for those who have had a family history of ovarian cancer, colon and lung cancer, early detection is recommended before the age of 50 years.

Colon cancer is considered as a disease that travels slow. Therefore, people are encouraged to do early detection through blood tests in feces and colonoscopy.

"We recommend that early detection made since the age of 40 years for which it has a history of these three types of cancer in the family," said Dr. Aru W Sudoyo, consultant hematology and medical oncology from FKUI / RSUPN Cipto Mangunkusumo to Media Indonesia, last week in his office.

Especially for those who have experienced symptoms such as bleeding during bowel movements and the closing of roads or intestinal blockage, "said Aru, early detection is recommended.

According to Aru, a procedure early detection of colon cancer include:

Plug rectal examination by a doctor when a person reaches the age of 50 years. The examination and to determine any abnormalities in the prostate.

After that, the laboratory examination of blood tests faint (Occult Blood) on a regular basis, whether there is blood in the stool, or not. Then visual inspection with the endoscope in the colon or called colonoscopy. Examination colonoscopy or bowel binoculars are recommended be done for those who have reached the age of 50 years.
Colonoscopy examination is relatively safe, not dangerous, but these tests are not fun. Colonoscopy performed for colorectal cancer as well find a tissue for examination at the pathology laboratory. In this examination is required fiberoptik endoscopy equipment used for colonoscopy examination. The tool can be seen throughout the large intestine, photographed, and biopsy of the tumor when found.
Another way to support the diagnosis of colon cancer is by barium enema. On barium enema examination, barium liquid material is inserted into the colon through the anus and the silhouette (shadow) was photographed by means of X-rays. In this examination can only be seen that there is disorder, may be a tumor, and if there needs to be followed by colonoscopy examination.
This examination can also detect cancers and polyps in the amount exceeds one centimeter. Weakness, in this investigation can not be done the biopsy.
Colonoscopy can be seen with abnormalities on the macroscopic picture. If there is no protrusion or ulcer, colonoscopy surveillance aimed at disorders colors, shapes the surface, and image blood vessels. Aru said that with early detection of colon cancer is expected to be handled or treated. Some therapies, like chemotherapy and radiation can be done to overcome colon cancer

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